By scientific definition, organic matter means “Of, relating to, or derived from living matter.” It comes from living but decaying materials such as plants, microorganisms, worms, and many other things. One of the most common sources of organic matter is household waste, which must go through a pre-treatment process that will prepare it for the water treatment facility that will eventually turn these organic matters into organic soil.
Generally, soil is made up of three main particles—sand, clay, and silt. Loam, which is composed of equal part sand, clay, and silt, is the most ideal soil because it can retain moisture and adequate drainage. But because soil is largely influenced by climate, it needs to be amended from time to time since it won’t be able to provide the nutrients needed to grow vegetables, fruits, and other crops.
Sandy soil, which is produced by arid climates, needs improvement and amendments through the introduction of mulch, compost, and manure. Addressing the nutrient deficiency of the sandy soil will turn it into a rich organic soil that is packed with the needed nutrients like potassium. Organic soil can also better retain moisture and facilitate drainage. It is important to remember that soil must be tested regularly to make sure that it still has the right nutrients needed by the crops and vegetation. Otherwise, it needs to be amended with these organic materials.
A naturally-occurring organic material, mulch is made from decaying bark, wood chips, and leaves. These can be made at home using decaying branches of trees and leaves. They vary in smell, texture, and color. If you want to make sure that your soil retains moisture and saves up all important nutrients, you need to mix in mulch with it. Sandy and clay soils are the kinds that need mulch in order for them to retain moisture. Once mulch decays, it will become very dark in color and will release nutrients into the soil.
Although compost is similar to mulch, it differs in such a way that compost is much more flexible as it contains other decaying organic matter besides leaves and bark. Anyone can make a compost and turn it into an organic material to enrich the soil. Compost is made up of household waste such as vegetable food scraps, leaves, vegetative waste, and food scraps. It is very good for the environment because it reduces and recycles waste.
You think animal excrement should be disposed of immediately? The excrement from farm animals can be used as fertilizers to the soil because it is an organic matter. It can boost the nutrient level of the organic soil, and it contains all the nutrients that are easily accessible to plants.