5 Basic Methods of Organic Farming

People are now falling easily to chronic diseases primarily because of the amount of pesticides and fertilizers they unknowingly take through the food that they consume. Of course, no one would ever want to consciously consume these chemicals, but that can’t be helped since organic farming methods allow the use of a number of chemicals, 600 to be exact.

Organic farming is nothing new. It’s not a new concept nor a trend that should be posted on Facebook and Instagram. It was being practiced since ancient times, and only through time and greedy capitalism have we, as a people, turned our backs on it. By definition, organic farming is a method that cultivates the farmland and raises crops in a way that will keep the soil alive and healthy. To do that, organic farmer use a variety of organic wastes and biological materials.

Crop diversity

Though people are still wary about it, there is now a big demand for organic produce. While in ancient times they practice what is called monoculture (cultivating one type of crop in a particular location), organic farmers of today go with polyculture, which allows them to cultivate a variety of crops simultaneously. This helps them address the demand for the organic produce.

Soil management

After cultivating crops for weeks and sometimes, months, the soil will lose its natural nutrients and minerals. What organic farming does is not to use that soil immediately again, but to allow it to go back to tis natural health by using “natural ways”—organic wastes such as crop, animal and farm waste, and aquatic waste.

Weed management

Weed grows unnaturally in agricultural fields, and most conventional farms would use chemicals to kill this unwanted plant. Organic agriculture barely allows the killing of anything produced naturally by the soil. Instead, it deals with weed by lowering them rather than removing them completely.

Controlling organisms

Because organic farming is all about the natural way of the farmland, the growth of different organisms there can’t be helped. However, even organic farmers need to protect the soil and the crops from anything that might harm it in the future. They use herbicides and pesticides that contain less chemicals. The proper sanitation of the farm is also required.

Domestic animals

An organic farm can be sustained by the presence of domestic animals. Remember that organic farmers use animal waste as natural fertilizers, so their existence in organic farms is highly needed.

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