One of the most important components of organic farming is fertilizer. And since organic farming is becoming quite popular in the last decade due to most people’s decision for a healthier lifestyle, so are the options for natural fertilizers which will enhance the nutrients found in the soil and amend the pH balance of the soil for the crops.
In order for a farm to adhere to organic farming standards, there are only a few items that one can add to the soil. This means avoiding most of the commercial products you can find in your local farm and garden center. Think outside the box. Be creative. Check out a list of allowable materials that can be used in an organic farm and then go from there.
Your soil for organic farming should have the right balance of pH, nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium, and the like. Knowing what your soil already has and what it needs will help you select the right natural fertilizer that will benefit your soil.
You can either make your own compost or buy it from an organic farming center. But remember that in order to make compost for organic farms, the materials that go into your compost bin must also have the characteristics of organic. Compost is great for a slow nutrient release and helping soil with water retention. Before applying the compost to your farm, make sure that it has fully broken down.
Historically, farmers use animal manure as fertilizer for their crops. Whether the manure is from cows, goats, or chickens, farmers love the idea of repurposing the manure pile and finding ways how it can benefit their farms or gardens.
There are a few things to remember when using manure. First, don’t retain the bedding because of possible chemical exposure in its origins. Second, manure must be allowed six months or so to age. And third, be prepared for weeds because what the animals eat may end up in the manure and that includes seeds.
Fish or fish byproducts
When these are exposed to heat and acid, the end result is fish emulsion fertilizer. When enzymes are used, the result is hydrolyzed liquid fish fertilizer. Both kinds of fertilizers have a variety of nutrients that it can provide the soil and that includes nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium.
Plucked from the ocean and sent through cold processing, liquid kelp takes on the form of fertilizer. The end result will be mixed with water. It is capable of infusing plants and soil with nutrients and growth hormones that take effect immediately after application.
Are you giving your livestock alfalfa? You noticed that animals gain weight and have shiny coats because of alfalfa? You can do it to the crops, too. Alfalfa has loads of nutrients that can aid in soil fertility and plant growth.