Organic farming can be highly profitable and that’s why many conventional farmers are turning to this method nowadays. Organic food appeals to a large swath of the population because it is a healthy and ethical choice. But beyond the money and the ethics, we should also look at the benefits of organic farming to the environment.
Reduces exposure to pesticides and chemicals
The simple act of turning to organic farming reduces by 500 million pounds the number of harmful pesticides we let enter the environment through our conventional farming methods. Pesticides are the primary cause of disease in plants, weeds, and plant-eating insects, fungi, and bacteria.
Builds healthy soil
You need healthy soil to grow healthy food. That’s why organic farmers are also focused on making sure that the soil is amended and fertilized with the right products—only the most natural for organic farms. Compost and non-chemical-based fertilizers are the way to go.
Organic fields feature eight more inches of topsoil than chemically-treated soil. It also only has one-third of the erosion loss compared to conventional farms. So, not only does organic farming build healthy soil, but it also combats serious problems like soil erosion.
Fights the effects of global warming
According to studies, a healthy organic agriculture system can actually reduce carbon dioxide and help slow climate change. That should be reason enough for our agricultural sector to turn to organic farming and for us to start consuming only organic food.
Supports water conservation and water health
Low water supply and the probability of oceans drying up in the future are real threats. When our water supply suffers, the health of the people and the planet will also suffer. The run-off from non-organic farms such as harmful pesticides, toxic fertilizers, and animal waste is the number one cause of the pollution in lakes, oceans, rivers, streams, etc. Organic farming helps our water supplies to stay clean by stopping the polluted runoff.
Discourages algal blooms
Algal blooms have a direct adverse effect on the health of the people and the marine ecosystem. And although there are many causes to algal blooms, the primary human factor of algae blooms runoff is the use of petroleum-based fertilizers in conventional farms.
Supports animal health and welfare
Organic farming helps preserve the natural habitat of insects, birds, fish, and various critters. It also encourages birds and other natural predators to live happily in farmland and assist in natural pest control.
Healthy biodiversity plays an important role in how resilient a farm can be to bad weather, diseases, and pests. The more biodiverse a farm is, the more stable that farm is. Reduced biodiversity can cause a rise in infectious diseases.