It can be very easy to make the assumption that organic farming is easier than people make it out to be. After all, on the surface, it seems to cut away a lot of the problems that you might run into with conventional farming and go back to basics.
However, because of the over-reliance on modern chemicals, in reality, it is very difficult for a farm to simply go organic, especially if they are transitioning from a conventional farming setup. When you compare the growth of crops between organic and conventional methods, it is easy to see why farmers eventually went to conventional farming.
But for the sake of the health of the soil and our environment, we should not be neglecting organic farming methods, even for our home gardens. Fertilizer is one of the most important components of farming, so how do organic farms handle this?
The number one fertilizer for people who don’t use chemical fertilizers is compost. The great thing about compost is that it is easily available and if you make your own compost, you can control exactly what kind of nutrients you are composting, which makes for better quality fertilizer. This is very unlike chemical fertilizers where you don’t know exactly what is in it, and the long-term effects of these can affect the quality of your crops.
Another good way to fertilize your crops without relying on chemical fertilizers is through the use of the mulching process. Mulching refers to the application of a layer of material on the surface of your soil. This process helps lock in moisture, preserve nutrients, and also helps remove weeds from your plants without having to resort to chemical fertilizers and weed killers.
In the world of organic farming, the main goal is to establish a balance between the soil and the farmer. One way to establish soil health and fertilization without resorting to chemicals is through the use of crop rotation. Instead of getting as much of the same crop as you can out of your soil, crop rotation utilizes a cycle of different types of crops to maximize soil health without depriving it of nutrients.
Soil health is a priority in organic farming
Overall, while it does take a lot more time and effort to do things manually as opposed to resorting to chemical fertilizers, there are plenty of reasons to choose natural methods of fertilization and pest control. If you try to take too much from the soil, it’s only a matter of time before its nutrients are drastically depleted to the point of irreversible damage.