The creation of a solid and sustainable biosolids management plan needs the presence of a group or team of experts that can evaluate and analyze each of the layer of domestic garbage culture that every home has in that particular community. Before a true waste treatment facility and process are finalized, the municipality has to come up with a detailed plan on how they will treat or dispose the solid materials from the wastewater sludge.
Creating a biosolids management plan is no small feat and very often, the big guys are brought over to find a solution for a municipality’s garbage disposal and recycling program.
Economic analysis of the cost of facility, regulatory, and permitting requirements
Before a municipality can truly implement the construction of a treatment plant, it must first review and analyze if it has the potentiality and the ability to host such facility. Aside from that, the cost that would pile up because of the treatment facility is skyrocketing that the municipality’s coffers may get emptied in the long run. This is the reason why there are still communities that prefer landfilling (even with its environmental and health costs) over treatment plants (which also emits the same odor and health hazard).
Aside from the cost of the construction, the permitting requirements and the regulations to be followed could also factor into the decision to follow through a biosolids management plan or not.
Expected operation and maintenance costs
How much it costs to construct a treatment plant is nothing compared to the amount needed to run and maintain the said facility. Once the treatment facility is up and running, the municipality is not only responsible for the technology used to produce biosolids, but also for the salaries, the benefits, and the hazard pays of the workers there.
Speaking of technology, the equipment used to treat wastewater sludge does not come cheap. Its maintenance, in particular, can be quite costly, but one that cannot be neglected. Repairing the equipment and machines is more expensive than simply checking it out regularly for maintenance needs.
Quality and quantity of the product
Is the treatment plant to be constructed going to produce Class A biosolids or simply Class B biosolids? Biosolids are divided into three categories, but Class A biosolids remains to be the most preferred by farmers and soil analysts. Aside from the quality of the product, the management plan must also determine how much biosolids could be produced given the number of homes in the community vis-à-vis the demand from nearby agricultural farms, for example.