Everywhere in the world, the population is increasing and social-economic disparities are growing. It is, therefore, a given that there is a need for communities and governments to find a solution to the scarcity of food available in the market. We need to find efficient food systems that will deliver healthy food items to communities, especially ones that are in for reached areas. Organic farming seems to be at the center of the conversation of food production in the modern world. Though it is not by any means a new concept, organic farming is foreign to many communities, even the agricultural industry.
But one of the many issues against organic farming is its use of water. Water consumption in organic farming is generally acceptable and at a lower level compared to conventional farming.
However, there is also the issue of organic farms using more water because they have lesser yields in a given crop season. Organic farms use less water per area but because of the nature of organic farms in producing lower heels compared to conventional forms, they might end up using more water per crop.
Why is this such an issue for the agricultural industry? Places like Southern California often suffer due to water shortage. This means that farms in this area must conserve water so that communities will not suffer. If proven that organic farming uses less water compared to conventional farms, then it begs the question of why Southern California would not invest in more organic farming methods?
Then, there is also the issue of water pollution. Conventional farms have always been criticized because of the contamination of water sources surrounding their area. Nitrogen and phosphorus are the two most common problems in water pollution.
Algae and other organisms in water live off nitrogen and phosphorus. They overgrow and starve water habitats of oxygen. Fish cannot leave in oxygen-starved water. And as a result, food production and food sources will be limited to these communities.
Organic farms have lower nitrogen inputs. This means that even if water will runoff from the farm to the water resources, there will be no consequence of nitrogen pollution.
There isn’t enough evidence to support the argument that organic farming is more of a water-saving option than conventional farming. However, given the fact that organic farms produce fewer sources of water pollution, the agricultural industry should be open to the idea of wholly supporting organic farms.