Key Differences Between Organic Farming and Conventional Farming

organic farming

There’s a need to look at how organic farming will change the way we consume food. If the past years taught us anything, it’s that we need to take better care of the environment to better care for ourselves. Our health is tied with how healthy the ecosystem is. But it is human activities that have put a toll on our environment. What can we do to stop the continuous degradation of the environment? By changing the way we do agriculture. 

Conventional Farming

Under this method, a farmer treats and fumigates his farm using harsh chemicals and substances. The idea is that the soil will need to be exterminated from pests and insects. The fertilization will happen using petroleum-based fertilizers. Conventional farmers believe these fertilizers make the soil more nutrient-packed and as a result, it will help the crops grow bigger, better, and faster. 

But the problem with conventional farming is that all the harsh substances, chemicals, and fertilizers put into the soil will eventually find themselves in the crops. The soil will transfer these chemicals to the crops. And while most of them aren’t fatal to the consumers, they have a long-lasting effect on one’s quality of health. This is why many farmers have been looking at the possibility of going into organic agriculture. 

Organic Farming

On the other hand, organic farmers prepare the soil by using natural-based fertilizers such as shellfish fertilizers, manure, and bone meal. Garden compost can also be used to enrich the soil to grow crops. And while a conventional farmer will soak his seeds in fungicides and irrigate the soil with chemical-mixed water, the organic farmer will depend on rain and stored rainwater during dry months. In organic farming, the seeds will not be soaked in any chemical solution. 

They will employ different methods when weeding out the plants, too. Conventional farmers will use weedicide whereas organic farmers will physically weed out the farm. This can be labor-intensive, but it’s the only way for an organic farmer to ensure his farm will remain chemical-free. Other times, an organic farmer can also use a flame weeder or animals to eat away the weeds. 


It’s a no-brainer that people are safer consuming organic products than conventional products. Indirectly consuming the insecticides and chemical fertilizers from conventional crops will not be good for your health. Now that people understand how better to take care of their health, expect to see more organic farming products on grocery shelves and restaurant menus. 

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