We all know that organic farming is a wise and sustainable choice for the agriculture industry. And yet, conventional farmers are wary of transitioning to this new (albeit centuries-old) method of farming. How can they make sure that they will profit the same? Are they assured of the support of the government and nongovernment organizations when they transition to organic farming? What kind of support can they expect? Financial? Logistics? Training? Mechanisms?
Put yourself in the shoes of these farmers and ask yourself if you’re willing to sacrifice a well-profiting conventional farm. This is the same farm that these farmers get their incomes from. They raise their families using the money that these farms generate. They are well within their sanity not to jump in the organic farming ship, right?
There are two major problems that transitioning to organic farming presents. One, the farmers will face pest control difficulties and two, there will be lower yields during the transition period. There will actually be lower yields in organic farming compared to conventional farming because organic farms don’t use fertilizers and other growth substances. So, these are two of the major contentions about organic farms.
In a conventional farm, growers are allowed to use pesticides and insecticides. They can use substances and chemicals to kill weeds and control the growth of pests. But these are not allowed in an organic farming method. Pesticides will kill the natural stability of the soil. It can contaminate water and further spread diseases and illnesses.
The point of organic farms is to let natural resources heal and protect the environment. Farmers have to use natural mechanisms to fight pests and remove weeds. Can you imagine doing this for three years? It takes a lot from farmers to manage pests during the transition period. Imagine having to go from using pesticides and not having to worry about pests to waiting for the environment to do its thing and reduce pest populations.
Technically speaking, organic farms have lower yields compared to conventional farms. They cannot produce many crops in one parcel of land. Organic farming is mostly monoculture, which manes farmers can only grow one crop per season. It depends, of course, on how large their land is. During the three-year transition period, farmers will even have a harder time producing crops because of pest management and soil fertility problems.
These problems, however, should not be reasons not to try organic farming as the method sustains the environment and helps farmers cultivate and nurture their lands.