Organic Farming 101: The Basics of Going Green



Organic farming is about growing healthy food in a way that is sustainable for the environment.

Organic farming is about growing healthy food in a way that is sustainable for the environment. In order to be considered an organic farm, the farm must follow USDA guidelines set forth by the National Organic Program. Organic farms do not use synthetic fertilizers or pesticides.

While this can sometimes mean lower yields, it also means that farmers are producing crops in a way that they can continue doing so indefinitely. Additionally, there are no chemicals getting into the food you eat and no harmful chemicals getting into water sources.

Everyone wins with organic farming! You get delicious produce and we get to keep eating food from our planet for years to come!

Organic farming methods are based on theories around soil health.

The organic farming movement is all about replenishing soil health – not depleting it. The underlying theory behind this practice is that by allowing the soil to regenerate itself, the land will contain more resources than it otherwise would. In order to do this, some farmers in the United States are now turning to methods that are referred to as “no-till” farming.

As an example, when you plant your seeds, you simply plant them at the same depth and distance from each other that they were planted in the fall before. Then everything else about organic farming follows: no tilling of fields for multiple planted vegetables; no plowing of fields for a diversity of crops; no discarding of crop residue; and no inorganic fertilizers or pesticides are ever used on organic farms.

It’s important to note that while these techniques can help eliminate many of the potential issues with conventional farming methods like erosion and loss of topsoil due to plowing, they don’t get rid of all problems related to soil health—which is why most farmers must still continue with traditional practices like crop rotation and cover cropping.

Organic farmers don’t use fungicides, herbicides, or pesticides.

One of the primary differences between organic farming and conventional farming is that organic farmers do not use pesticides on their crops. Synthetic chemicals are not used in organic farming, nor are genetically modified organisms. This means that the environment, as well as soil and human health, is better supported by going green through organic farming.

You can encourage sustainability by consuming organically-grown products

As an organic farmer, you are not only responsible for your own actions, but also for engaging the community in sustainable practices. You can start by supporting your local farmers, who almost certainly have sworn off chemical pesticides and fertilizers in favor of natural alternatives.

You can also encourage sustainability by consuming organics yourself. In fact, a surprisingly high number of people (more than 80%, according to some estimates) regularly buy organic products at their local supermarket—so it’s not just hippies eating seaweed chips out of a backpack anymore! If you’re unsure about where to start looking, try this handy list:

  • Fruits: Apples, blueberries, cantaloupe, grapefruit, strawberries
  • Vegetables: Asparagus, beets, broccoli, and cabbage
  • Meat: Chicken (even better if it’s free-range), turkey, and eggs

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