Third-world countries are saying yes to organic farming. It’s very possible, based on studies, that organic farming may be the answer to the problems that farmers and the farming sector face in underdeveloped countries. In many parts of the world, the farming sector has the highest poverty incidence. The reason for this is because of the high farming cost and low yield in their agricultural farms.
But according to studies and research, organic farming may help alleviate the situations in the farmlands. There are three main reasons why governments are looking into the benefits of organic farming as the solution to the main problems of conventional farming.
High Cost of Production
Most farmers cannot afford the high cost of chemicals and synthetic fertilizers. Because they could not afford pesticides, fertilizers, and insecticides, their produce suffers from pests and other environmental problems. This results in low yields. When the time comes for these farmers to harvest their produce, they will find out that there are fewer yields than before. Why is that? Because they couldn’t fight against pests and they fail to fertilize their crops, the farm will produce less than their expected amount of vegetables and fruits, for example.
And if they do purchase fertilizers and pesticides, that will eat up on their farm net income. They have to invest and spend more on these chemicals and substances. As a result, that will decrease their farm’s profits.
The use of insecticides, pesticides, and fertilizers are also hazardous to the health of farmers. If they are constantly exposed to such toxic substances, that opens them up to diseases and illnesses. Many farmers suffer from respiratory problems because they regularly inhale the toxins from fertilizers and pesticides. This is not the right way for these farmers to live. They have to take care of their health and their family’s health.
Long-term pesticide exposure has been linked to Parkinson’s disease, asthma, depression and anxiety, attention deficit and hyperactivity disorder, and cancer.
Deterioration of the Soil
It’s not just the farmers’ health that is put in jeopardy because of conventional farming methods. The agri-ecological balances are also adversely affected by the presence of insecticides, pesticides, and synthetic fertilizers. The soil deteriorates at such a rapid pace when farmers use harmful chemicals and substances that they may no longer be viable for agricultural products in the future.
These are the reasons why organic farming in in-demand both in western countries and third-world countries in far-flung areas of the world.