It is strange to think that with the way things are going now, there are even bigger problems facing our collective humanity. That problem is the access to clean water resources. Although one-third of the globe is comprised of water, that’s fast drying up because of rapid globalization, deforestation, and water wastage. Thankfully, agricultural methods such as organic farming exist to help protect and conserve our access to clean and potable water.
High Levels of Degradation
The inability of some land not to hold and absorb water is a primary problem in the loss of natural vegetation and the moderate to high levels of degradation in some 40% of the world’s watersheds. Degraded land tends to shed water rather than absorb it. This means that water runoff will increase because the land where it is landing cannot anymore hold the water in.
When there is a storm, there are more instances of flooding because watersheds and mountains are so severely degraded that they cannot absorb water with their soil anymore. Organic farming helps because its soil is so fertile and nutrient-rich that it’s able to absorb as much water as possible. Areas, where there are several organic farms, are less prone to flooding.
Loss of Topsoil
Topsoil is lost because of rapid deforestation and the use of synthetic chemicals and growth hormones in farmlands and forests. The problem with losing the topsoil is it has to go somewhere, which means that soil loss to erosion will float off downstream as sediments. They settle in rivers, lakes, seas, streams, and ocean. Sediments have serious adverse effects on the environment. Not to mention, they shouldn’t find access to drinking water.
Luckily, organic farms preserve topsoil because of the natural method of farming. The ways in which organic farmers protect their land maintain and protect the soil from erosion. The nutrient-rich soil is also less likely to erode than those lacking phosphorous and minerals.
Because water is moving faster without soil to hold them in, it’s taking in excess nutrients such as fertilizers and manure from other farms. The problem is that high levels of these nutrients can cause algae blooms in streams, lakes, rivers, and oceans. They create dead zones that do not allow sea life to survive. And as for people, water that comes from these lakes will have to be filtered thoroughly before it can be potable.
Organic farming, on the other hand, keeps nutrients and controls the flow and usage of water. This means that no excess nutrients are moving from one land to another. No medical conditions associated with dirty drinking water will become a problem.