Organic Farming: The 5 Basic Methods You Should Know

organic farming

So many people suffer and die from chronic illnesses due to the food that they take in. Our consumption of unhealthy food leads us to illnesses and diseases that even modern science has no answer for it. We continue to consume and healthy food because we have no access to healthy and organic food. Or is that even true? Organic farming is not something you will hear or read about on the internet from mainstream media. It isn’t sexy. It isn’t that profitable for big marketers and big corporations. So, consumers are left to themselves to research what organic products are.

Organic farming is not a new concept. In fact, it has been used since ancient times. Organic agriculture aims to produce nutritious crops that do not use pesticides and fertilizers. Rather, the crops depend on the natural nutrients that can be derived from soil, organic wastes (crop, animal and farm wastes, aquatic wastes), and other biological materials. 

These are the five basic methods of organic farming: 

Crop Diversity 

In the past, organic agriculture is a monoculture. This means that only one type of crop can be planted and can grow on an organic farm. Fortunately, farmers found out that through modern technology, and they can practice polyculture even in an organic farm setting. Polyculture is the simultaneous planting and growing of crops on one farm to save time and resources. This allows organic farmers to meet the increasing demand for crops. 

Soil Management 

The soil loses its nutrients after the cultivation of crops. In a conventional farm setting, the farmers will use synthetic fertilizers and mechanisms to bring back the health of the soil. However, on an organic farm, the use of chemical fertilizers and pesticides is highly prohibited. What organic farmers do is to use the bacteria found in animal waste to cultivate the soil and bring back their nutrients.

Weed Management 

Weed is the unwanted plants that grow in farms, conventional or organic. In a conventional farm, the weed is completely removed. But in an organic setting, weed is simply reduced and not eliminated.

Controlling Organisms

Organisms are naturally drawn to agricultural fields. There are good and bad effects of organisms to the soil and plants. To protect the crop, farmers will use a lesser form of chemical pesticides and herbicide. As much as possible, organic farms try not to use chemical and synthetic pesticides. It is also important to note that the sanitation of the agricultural field is important so that harmful organisms will not grow and thrive there.

Livestock 

Organic farms are open to livestock operations because it contributes to the sustainability of the whole farm. In fact, organic farming relies heavily on treated animal manure to improve the soil’s nutrients.

Tags: , , ,