Organic Farming: Understanding the Basic Methods of This Process

man pulling wheelbarrow for organic farming

People are falling victim to chronic diseases. With weakened immune systems, we are like a petri dish to these viruses, bacteria, and diseases. So, what do we have to do? We have to look at the way we eat and the way our food is being grown. What we saw in conventional farming methods made us turn to organic farming. Why should we risk our lives eating food grown from pesticides, fertilizers, and other harmful contaminants? 

Organic farming is not a new concept. It has been around since time immemorial. Generations before us used the most natural of farming methods to grow their foods. But modern technology and our need for fast and convenient processes made us turn to conventional farming. Now, we’re coming full circle. Organic farming, simply put, is the cultivation of land and raising of crops in a way that the soil is kept alive and in good health. 

The focus is on the use of organic wastes such as crop, animal and farm wastes, aquatic wastes, and other biological materials to make the land more sustainable and the crops free from pollution.

Crop Diversity

Because there is an increased demand for crops, most conventional farms are into polyculture farming, which is the cultivation of a variety of crops in a single land. Traditionally, organic farming practices monoculture, wherein only one type of crop is cultivated in a particular location. But today, organic farms can also grow diverse crops in a small parcel of agricultural land, provided that they are scheduled accordingly. 

Soil Management

After harvesting, the soil will lose its nutritional value. Its quality depletes. Organic agriculture means using natural ways to increase the health of the soil. Most farms use the bacteria found in animal waste to enhance the nutrients already present in the soil.

Weed Management

Weed grows in fields naturally. You can remove it manually but that will take hours and even days. In a conventional farm, farmers use chemicals to prevent weeds from growing. But this cannot be done on an organic farm. Rather, what organic agriculture encourages is the lowering of the presence of weed than removing it completely. 

Other Organisms

It’s important to find a method that will control other farm organisms such as pests. You can use less harmful versions of pesticides and herbicides, although some organic farming purists will still frown at that. Make sure the herbicides or pesticides are made with the most natural ingredients. 

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