Once you decide to start organic farming, you have to test your soil. That test will determine the type of soil that you have on your property. Is it good for gardening or for farming? Is it too sandy and muddy? Is it too clay-like? Some soil is too muddy. That does not make it possible to grow organic plants, crops, fruits, and vegetables. Plus, isn’t it hard to work with muddy soil?
It will stick to your arms, hands, shovel, and basically anything it touches. It sticks to the roots of the plants, too. When it dries, it will harden, making the roots unable to absorb its needed nutrients from the soil, water, and fertilizer. You cannot start planting in soil that is too wet from the rain. Eventually, the soil will be compact and it will decrease the plant’s ability to grow.
To prevent the soil from being too muddy, you need to dig trenches near the muddy garden soil to drain the excess water. You need to cover the mud with wood chips, twigs, and leaves for a few days until the water is drained completely. You will feel with your hands that the soil had dried up.
It is not possible to change the texture of your soil, especially if it is caused by the environment in the area. However, you can improve the soil with amendments such as organic fertilizers and mixes. Once the soil is dried up, you need to mix it with organic material. You need to work the mixture eight to 12 inches down into the soil.
The organic matter mix and the loosened compacted soil increase pore space. It keeps the air and nutrients flowing because there is now more space in the soil. Wood chips are great for clay and muddy soil, but it requires patience because you have to wait for it to take effect. It will take two years for this technique to become effective. That’s just about enough time for a conventional farm to transition into an organic farm.
If this is not an option for you, build a raised garden bed. You can use concrete blocks, pressure-treated lumber, and bricks to build a “farm” above the muddy soil. When you raise the bed, you can control the soil composition and pH levels. You can then mix the soil that the plants you want to grow need. Although this method is not always viable for organic farming, you can start with a small plot and go from there.