To fully understand organic farming and production, you need to get to know the principles that guide it. Organic farming is more than just not using pesticides, chemicals, genetically modified organisms, antibiotics, and growth hormones. It is a holistic system that aims to maximize the productivity and the diversity of the agro-ecosystem, including the people in the farm, the livestock, plants, and soil organisms.
Principle of health
An organic farm should work to sustain and develop the health of soil, planet, humans, livestock, and crops. This principle explains that the health of the people and the ecosystem is linked together. There is no separating the development of the ecosystem from the development of the communities. The simple logic is this: healthy soil produces healthy crops that are the consumed for the health of animals and people.
Organic farming targets to produce high quality and nutritious food for the prevention of illnesses and the improvement of one’s well-being. It avoids the use of fertilizers, pesticides, and other chemicals because of the possible adverse effects on the health of the consumers.
Principle of ecology
An organic agriculture should help sustain and develop the ecological system. Organic farmers and producers should work within this living ecological systems that combine the natural processes and the conventional methods of recycling. The only way to achieve balance is to take care of the nourishment of the natural habitat of the organisms—soil for crops, farm ecosystem for animals, and the aquatic environment for fish and marine organisms.
It is not only the production of the organic products that should be given focus on. Organic farmers and producers should ensure the protection of the landscapes, habitats, climate, biodiversity, air, and water. envi
Principle of fairness
There should be fairness and justice in this world not only for crimes committed by individuals against others, but also for the lack if stewardship of the shared world. Organic farmers should ensure that the work being done in this industry is fair to all concerned—farmers, workers, processors, distributors, traders, and lastly, the consumers.
This why climate change and the protection of environmental resources are major focuses of the narrative about environmental issues. People need to be liable for any abuses within the ecological system.
Principle of care
The health of the environment is not only important for the current generation, but for the future ones as well. Although the goal is to increase the productivity of the organic farms and ranches, this should not be done at the risk of jeopardizing the health and well-being of the planet. This is the reason why organic farmers and producers are always updating themselves about the latest in organic farming tech and other methods.
Without the proper understanding of the guiding principles that help define what an organic farm and production is, proponents of organic practices could easily dupe unknowing people. While organic consumerism is still an unconventional practice today, more and more people are researching and getting to know these practices because of the health benefits and the ecological balance it promotes.