Anyone can start composting at home. Whether you’re in a 100-acre farm or a 500-square-foot apartment, you can begin your very own compost with the use of household waste and other materials. With just a few gardening items, composting can be very easy and can even benefit your garden soil.
All you need is a large bin and your household waste, and you’re set to go. Of course, it’s not going to be that easy. There is a lot of science when it comes to composting, but there is also a very basic principle to understand how this works and how to make it.
- Choose your bin
You can choose to go without a bin and simply collect the household waste in a heap in your garden. You can let mother nature take its natural course by putting all the waste together in a heap and allowing them to rot together and break down. However, containers can help speed up the decomposition process of the compost materials. Bins or containers control the temperature and moisture, plus they also keep the scraps and waste out of sight. Instead of subjecting yourself and your family to the foul smell of the scraps, you can simply keep them in a container and forget about it until you have to check on it again. If you want to try this method, you have to make sure the container or the heap will be sized 3×3 feet.
- Prepare your gear
Before starting your compost pile or compost container, you need to prepare the other materials you need such as gloves, aerator, pitchfork, screens, shovels, and wheelbarrow. These are just common gardening tools that you might already have in your garage or in your basement. If you don’t have them, you can buy these items from any regular hardware. These are good investments because you can use them in the future.
- Knowing what to add to your compost
In very simple terms, you can compost anything that came from a plant. It is important to add the right materials and avoid putting the wrong ones in the compost. Just simply throw away all the kitchen scraps in the bin, and they will all naturally break down. These are the materials that can be added to your compost: grass and lawn clippings, hay, fruits and vegetable peels, rinds and scraps, tea bags, coffee grounds, leaves, straw, garden waste, wood chips, sawdust, dryer lint, and shredded paper.
The materials or waste you cannot include in the compost are: chemically treated wood, human waste, pet waste, diseased plants, pernicious weeds, meat, dairy products, animal food products, glossy paper, animal bones, fats and oils, cooked food, peanut butter, lime, and paper with colored ink.