Organic farming is no joke. Unlike conventional farming, you have to keep your soil and any amendments you will make on it as “virgin” as possible. This means there should be nothing commercial, chemical, or synthetic about the nutrients contained in your soil. And even before we get into measuring the nutritional component of the soil, you must make sure that the soil is with the right structure to build an organic farm on.
So, what do you need to know about organic farming? All these and more. If you are really set to begin your organic farming journey, make sure to read some books and journals, consult with some experts, and attend seminars and symposiums that will teach you about these five important things:
Weed, pest, and disease management
You should know a lot about how to get rid of weed and pest from your own farm. And trust us, even though you will try your best to protect your plants and crops from weeds and pests, they will still come.
That is the nature of organic farming. So, even before this becomes a problem for you, try to get to know as much as you can how to remove them and manage a farm that will essentially protect itself from weed and pest and other diseases.
What kind of livestock can you have on your farm? Can you have one at all? Are the mulches, compost, and organic fertilizer you put in the soil safe for livestock animals? Because if they are on your farm, there’s a good chance that they’ll inhale or consume the natural amendments that you put in the soil.
How’s the irrigation system on your farm? Can you set up an irrigation system that can be scheduled to water the farm when you’re away either for work or for a vacation? Is there a way for you to irrigate the farm without needing to go through every single row or column?
Soil management and crop nutrition
What kind of soil structure does your farm have? How can you correct it and transform it to the right one that can hold nutrients for the plants? The nutrient in your soil is an important factor in the success of your organic farm. Make sure that you understand all about soil amendment and organic fertilizers.
There’ll be a variety of crops that’ll grow in your farm depending on the season. How can you design the farm in such a way that will be compatible with the crops you are growing based on the month of the year you’re in?